The Mobira, later Nokia VT1 was also known as the Talkman and it was a transportable first generation mobile phone that was widely used on the UK Vodafone network.
The VT1 was one of the two main types of phone used on the very early Vodafone network just after it was launched.
The Mobira, later Nokia, VT1 vintage mobile phone was introduced in 1985 and it was the first type of phone used to make a call over the Vodafone network in the UK.
Licences had been awarded in 1984 and the networks had been set up. Although beta tests had been carried out on the system, it was not due to go live until midnight on 1st January 1985.
It is reported that the first call made on the network after it went live was made by the son of the chairman of Racal who owned Racal Vodafone to wish his father a happy new year. It is possible that a VT1 was used for this, although it could have been the car mobile version called the VM1
The company named Mobira Oy was set up in 1979 as a joint ventrue between Nokia and Salora. Initially the company developed mobile phones for the Nordic mobile phone system, NMT which was the first generation mobile phone system used in Nordic countries.
In 1984 Nokia purchased Salora and took compete control of Mobira and the company was absorbed into Nokia as their telecommunications division, and it was renamed Nokia-Mobira Oy.
It was not until 1989 that Nokia-Mobira was renamed Nokia Mobile Phones, dropping all reference to Mobira.
Mobira VT1 Talkman specifications
The Mobira VT1 had very few features when compared to phones, even of the GSM era. It was effectively just a phone that was mobile. However a summary of its specifications is given in the table below.
| Vodafone Mobira VT1 Talkman First Generation Mobile Phone Specifications & Parameters
|Date of Introduction||1985|
|Cost at introduction||£1475 in UK|
|Mobile phone class||2|
|Maximum output power||4 watts|
|Battery||2 x 6 volt gell cell batteries.|
|Standby time between charges||8 hours|
|Talk time for a fully charged battery||45 minutes|
|Channel spacing||25 kHz|
|Speech peak frequency deviation||9.5 kHz|
|Modulation type||Frequency modulation|
First generation phone classes
The first generation vintage mobile phones were assigned classes according to their function and output power. The Mobira VT1 used for the first Vodafone call was a class 2 device.
| First Generation Old Mobile Phone Class Definitions
|Mobile phone type||Class||RF Power output (Watts)|
|Car phone / transportable||II||4|
Phone options at the time
When Vodafone launched their mobile network, there were comparatively few options on the market. Vodafone used the Mobira VT1 transportable and the VM1 mobile phone for their network, whereas the competitive Cellnet system which launched 7 days after the Vodafone one used Motorola phones.
Although the cost of these phones was very large, the take-up surprised many people and several thousand Mobira phones were sold during the course of 1985.
The Mobira VT1 is a truly iconic or classic vintage mobile phone. Even though many thousands were sold, they rarely come onto the collectors marketplaces and when they do, they command a very good price.
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