SDRAM Memory Tutorial Includes:
What is SDRAM memory SDRAM architecture SDRAM timing & control DDR / DDR1 SDRAM DDR2 SDRAM DDR3 SDRAM DDR4 SDRAM JEDEC 79 Standard
Memory types: Memory types & technologies DRAM EEPROM Flash FRAM MRAM Phase change memory SDRAM SRAM
DDR3 SDRAM was the third generation of SDRAM giving further improvements in peformance over previous generations.
The highlight specification of DDR3 SDRAM technology is that it provides data speeds of 800 Mbps.
DDR3 SDRAM basics
The DDR3 SDRAM memories provide a number of improvements over the previous generation of SDRAM memories:
- Higher data rate: The DDR3 SDRAM provides data rates starting at 800Mbps per pin using a clock rate of 400 MHz.
DDR3 SDRAM Performance
DDR3 SDRAM Type Data Rate
Memory Clock Speed
DDR3-800 800 400 DDR3-1066 1066 533 DDR3-1333 1333 667 DDR3-1600 1600 800 > DDR3-1866 1866 933 DDR3-2133 2133 1066
- Reduce supply voltage: The supply voltage is reduced to 1.5 volts compared to the 1.8 volts used for the previous generation.
- Lower power consumption: The reduction in power supply voltage alone reduces the power consumed by equivalent chips (if they were available) by a factor of 0.69.
- Memory capability: The memory size of the DDR3 SDRAM chips started at 512 Mb and grew to 8 Gb.
- DQ line impedance: The DQ line driver impedance is higher at 34 Ω than the previous generation which were only 18 Ω.
- Memory configurations: DDR3 SDRAM includes x4, x8, and x16 data output configurations as in previous generations, but DDR3 SDRAM has eight banks whereas DDR2 had either four or eight dependent upon the size of the memory.
- Prefetch buffer: The pre-fetch buffer in the DDR3 technology has been increased to 8 bits thereby increasing their speed of operation. DDR3 SDRAM uses an 8n prefetch architecture and this enables 8 data words to be transferred in 4 clock cycles.
- Mode registers: DDR3 SDRAM has four mode registers. DDR2 had the same number, but only two were used as the others were reserved for future use. DDR3 uses all four registers, and they have settings for CAS read latency and the write latency.
- On-Die Termination, ODT: Like DDR2, DDR3 SDRAM uses ODT which enables the correct terminations to be applied on the chip itself. The technology was introduced on DDR2, (DDR used termination on the motherboard which limited the speeds attainable). With speeds of the
- Packages and pins: DDR3 SDRAMs all use surface mount BGA, Ball Grid Array, style integrated circuit packages. DDR2 also use BGAs, but the much older DDR SDRAMs use almost always use TSOP, Thin Small-Outline Package, packaging, although there are a few DDR chips that use BGA packages.
The number of pins on a DDR3 memory module is 240. This is the same as DDR2.
SDRAM Package Pin Numbers
Memory Module Number of Pins DDR 184 DDR2 240 * DDR3 240 *
DDR3 SDRAM provided a significant increase in performance and was widely adopted. It enabled the speeds of processors and computers to increase further, matching the improvements in performance of other elements of the processing system.
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