Frequency Synthesizer Tutorials Includes:
Synthesizer basics PLL / indirect synthesizer PLL digital synthesizer PLL analogue synthesizer Multiloop synthesizer Fractional N synthesis Synthesizer phase noise How to design synthesizer for low phase noise Direct digital synthesizer, DDS
The multiloop RF frequency synthesizer is a very useful technique that can be employed when designing high performance synthesizers.
As with any electronic circuit there are trade-offs to be made. The same is true for frequency synthesizers. For example small step sizes result in high division ratios in most instances and in turn this impairs the phase noise performance as well as a number of other performance criteria.
One way of maintaining the levels of performance whilst retaining aspects like small step size, fast switching, good phase noise performance and other aspects is to use more than one loop.
Using a multiloop approach to RF frequency synthesizer design enables much greater levels of performance to be achieved, although at the cost of additional design and more electronic circuitry.
PLL frequency synthesizers are particularly flexible to use and to be controlled by digital commands. In addition to this they offer many distinct advantages over other forms of local oscillator for many applications both in radio communications equipment as well as test equipment, etc. As a result PLL frequency synthesizers are widely used for many RF applications. Even though other forms of generator including Direct Digital Synthesizers are available, the PLL based synthesizer is has many advantages, and can often be used in conjunction with other generators including DDS circuits.
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Radio Signals Modulation types & techniques Amplitude modulation Frequency modulation OFDM RF mixing Phase locked loops Frequency synthesizers Passive intermodulation RF attenuators RF filters RF circulator Radio receiver types Superhet radio Receiver selectivity Receiver sensitivity Receiver strong signal handling Receiver dynamic range
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